Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is an annual herb belonging to the mint family (Lamiaceae). The name basil comes from the Greek basileus or ‘‘king.’’ Common basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves have had culinary importance for centuries.
This herb is cultivated widely in Asia, Africa, South America, and the Mediterranean. In foods, dried and fresh basil leaves season tomato dishes,vegetables, fish, meat, soups, salads, and pizza.
An Ocimum plant of note is holy basil, composed of Ocimum tenuiflorum (previously Ocimum sanctum)and sometimes Ocimum gratissimum species, also known as Tulsi in India and Nepal, where it is used in Ayurvedic and other traditional medicine systems.
It is used both fresh and dried, however the predominant flavors diminish with drying. The uses of basil are varied and plentiful; it is used with vegetables, meat, fish, sauces, stews, dressings, herbal teas, liqueurs, and mixed drinks. It is a traditional herb used in the preparation of turtle soup by the English. It is commonly used, both by the household and the industrial producer, in the preparation of pesto, a varying combination of basil, oil, garlic, cheese, and nuts.
Basil acts principally on the digestive and nervous systems, easing flatulence, stomach cramps, colic, and indigestion. It prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting, and assists to kill intestinal worms. It has a mildly sedative action, proving useful in treating nervous irritability, tiredness, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. It may also be taken for epilepsy, migraine and whooping cough. Basil has been traditionally taken to increase breast milk production. Applied externally, basil leaves act as an insect repellent. The juice from the leaves brings relief to insect bites.
Health benefit of basil
1.Treats common cold
4.Fights with stress
5.Protect liver health
6.Supports eye health
7.Boost the immunity
8.Good dental health
9.Help fight cancer
Home remedies of basil leaves
Homemade basil face pack for acne
1 teaspoon of basil leaves paste
1 teaspoon of sandalwood paste
1/2 teaspoon of rose water
Mix all ingredients together.
Apply paste to your face for 15-20 minutes.
Rinse with warm water.
Try this face pack for twice a week.
Homemade basil for headache
2 teaspoons of dried basil leaves
4 cups of boiling water
Add two teaspoons of dried basil leaves to 4 cups of boiling water in a large pot.
Cover head with a towel and breathe in the steam for 5-10 minutes until headache starts to subside.
Try this remedies for twice a day.
Home remedies basil tea for digestion problem
One cup of boiling water
One teaspoon of freshly chopped basil leaves
Boil one cup of water, remove from heat , add one teaspoon of freshly chopped basil leaves and let sit for 5 minutes.
Strain it and add honey.
Enjoy and drink it.